RESEARCH ARTICLE

Computer-Assisted Navigation in High Tibial Osteotomy: A Systematic Review of the Literature

The Open Orthopaedics Journal 27 July 2012 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874325001206010305

Abstract

High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a procedure which aims to change the mechanical axis of the lower limb, transferring the body weight across healthy articular cartilage. Several studies have shown that accurate correction is the leading predictor for success.

In this article, we systematically review the computer-assisted techniques that have been used in attempts to increase the accuracy of the surgery and improve postoperative outcomes. The results of the cadaveric and clinical studies to date are presented and the benefits and pitfalls of navigation are discussed.

Keywords: Computer-assisted surgery, high tibial osteotomy, kinematic navigation system, knee, mechanical axis, medial gonarthrosis, navigation, varus deformity.
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