RESEARCH ARTICLE


Recent Advances and Developments in Knee Surgery: Principles of Periprosthetic Knee Fracture Management



Mukai Chimutengwende-Gordon*, 1, Wasim Khan 1, David Johnstone 2
1 University College London Institute of Orthopaedic and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, Middlesex, HA7 4LP, UK
2 Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Stoke Manderville Hospital, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 8AL, UK


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© Chimutengwende-Gordon et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Mukai Chimutengwende-Gordon, University College London Institute of Orthopaedic and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, Middlesex, HA7 4LP, UK; Tel: 02089540268, Ext. 5304; Fax: 02084207392; E-mail: mukai.cg@mac.com


Abstract

The management of distal femoral, tibial and patellar fractures after total knee arthroplasty can be complex. The incidence of these fractures is increasing as the number of total knee arthroplasties being performed and patient longevity is increasing. There is a wide range of treatment options including revision arthroplasty for loose implants. This review article discusses the epidemiology, risk factors, classification and treatment of these fractures.

Keywords: Femur, knee arthroplasty, patella, periprosthetic fractures, supracondylar, tibia.