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The Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Elbow



Saif Ul Islam1, Alexander Glover1, Robert J MacFarlane1, Nisarg Mehta1
iD
, Mohammad Waseem1, *
iD

1 Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Macclesfield District General Hospital, Victoria Road, Macclesfield, United Kingdom


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Creative Commons License
© 2020 Islam et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Macclesfield District General Hospital, Victoria Road, Macclesfield SK10 3BL, Macclesfield, United Kingdom; Tel: 01625 663112; E-mail: m.waseem@nhs.net


Abstract

A sound knowledge of the elbow anatomy and biomechanics is critical to understanding the pathology of various elbow disorders and instigating appropriate management. The elbow joint is a trochoginglymoid joint: that is, it has flexion-extension [ginglymoid] motion at the ulnohumeral and radiocapitellar articulations and pronation and supination [trochoid] motion at the proximal radioulnar joint. Stability of the elbow joint is achieved through static and dynamic components. The aim of this article is to concisely describe the anatomy and biomechanics of the elbow joint relevant to the practice of trauma and orthopaedic surgeons.

Keywords: Anatomy, Elbow, Biomechanics, Radiocapitellar, Ulnohumeral, Trauma.