REVIEW ARTICLE

The Hip in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

The Open Orthopaedics Journal 19 Aug 2020 REVIEW ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874325002014010088

Abstract

The hip joint is commonly affected in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA), especially in cases of systemic polyarticular disease. Chronic synovitis of the hip leads to joint destruction, therefore, systemic and local control of the disease is of paramount importance. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs), biologics, intra-articular corticosteroid injections, and physical therapy are the mainstay for controlling ongoing inflammation and hip joint contractures. Synovectomy with soft tissue releases is useful in the early stages of the disease, when the joint cartilage is largely preserved. Total joint arthroplasty (THA) is successful in relieving pain, and improving function, ambulation and range of motion in end-stage degenerative arthritis. With improved designs of smaller prostheses and modern bearing couples, it is hoped that the longevity of THA will facilitate a more normal and enduring lifestyle.

Keywords: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Hip, Inflammation, Replacement, Arthroplasty.
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