RESEARCH ARTICLE

Tissue Engineering for the Meniscus: A Review of the Literature

The Open Orthopaedics Journal 27 July 2012 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874325001206010348

Abstract

The menisci disperse the load at the knee joint. Removal of the menisci can lead to osteoarthritis due to the higher load placed on the underlying cartilage. If they become injured it is therefore important to replace or regenerate the meniscus to prevent the progression of osteoarthritis. Many materials have been trialled to find a scaffold that can withstand the stresses and strains across the joint without causing any adverse effects. This review looks at these materials further to clarify the current position of tissue engineering for the meniscus and to highlight the areas where further research is needed. A scaffold which can produce high quality in vivo results in everyone has not yet been found.

Keywords: Meniscus, scaffold, regeneration, engineering.
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