Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Unstable Shoulder
Ricardo Cuéllar1, Miguel Angel Ruiz-Ibán2, Adrián Cuéllar3, *
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2017
Issue: Suppl-6, M10
First Page: 919
Last Page: 933
Publisher ID: TOORTHJ-11-919
Article History:Received Date: 03/05/2016
Revision Received Date: 18/10/2016
Acceptance Date: 28/10/2016
Electronic publication date: 31/08/2017
Collection year: 2017
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
To review the anatomy of the shoulder joint and of the physiology of glenohumeral stability is essential to manage correctly shoulder instability.
It was reviewed a large number of recently published research studies related to the shoulder instability that received a higher Level of Evidence grade.
It is reviewed the bony anatomy, the anatomy and function of the ligaments that act on this joint, the physiology and physiopathology of glenohumeral instability and the therapeutic implications of the injured structures.
This knowledge allows the surgeon to evaluate the possible causes of instability, to assess which are the structures that must be reconstructed and to decide which surgical technique must be performed.