Managing Bony Defects of the Shoulder Joint that Occur in Association with Dislocation
Jonathan Brian Yates*, Muhammad Naghman Choudhry, Mohammad Waseem
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2017
First Page: 1245
Last Page: 1257
Publisher Id: TOORTHJ-11-1245
Article History:Received Date: 21/07/2017
Revision Received Date: 27/09/2017
Acceptance Date: 30/09/2017
Electronic publication date: 10/11/2017
Collection year: 2017
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Defects to the articular surface of the humeral head have been known to be associated with shoulder dislocation since the 19th century. It wasn't until 1934 that the first description of the ubiquitous compression fracture of the posterolateral humeral head that occurs with traumatic anterior instability appeared. From 1940, this defect became referred to as a Hill-Sachs lesion after the investigators who reported the condition. The significance of, and therefore treatment of, these and other such bony defects around the shoulder joint has been hotly debated.
We reviewed the available current literature to determine and report on the most up to date concepts and treatment techniques being used to manage bony defects of the shoulder.
Numerous surgical options have been proposed to manage bony defects of the shoulder, including a variety of defect-filling procedures, with good outcomes. However, the small numbers and diversity of case mix makes for difficult comparisons.
We are currently developing a greater appreciation of how both the humeral and glenoid defects interact and therefore should be assessed and addressed simultaneously in order to improve patient outcomes. More research and collaboration is needed to determine the optimal method of assessing and managing these patients.