Shoulder Arthroplasty: Historical Considerations

Sébastien Zilber*
Henry Mondor Teaching Hospital 51 ave Mal de Lattre de Tassigny 94010 Créteil, France

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© 2017 Sébastien Zilber.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Henry Mondor Teaching Hospital 51 ave Mal de Lattre de Tassigny 94010 Créteil, France; Tel: 033-149812600, Fax: 033-14981-2608; E-mail:



The first articular metal prosthesis was implanted in the shoulder more than 120 years ago. The aim of this paper is to report shoulder arthroplasty evolution during this time thru the literature of the twentieth century.


A literature review was performed selecting the founding papers about shoulder arthroplasty.


After being almost forgotten during the first part of the 20th century, various implants were introduced in the 1950s with Charles Neer as a leader. The reverse concept appeared in the 1970s and knew many failures before Grammont’s design.


After many unfortunate trials, the shoulder prosthesis is now widely disseminated with products of many companies.

Keywords: Shoulder, Arthroplasty, History, Shoulder prosthesis.