RESEARCH ARTICLE


Outcomes and Satisfaction with Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Releases and the Predictors - A Retrospective Cohort Study



Alvin Chao-Yu Chen1, *, Meng-Huang Wu2, Chun-Ying Cheng1, Yi-Sheng Chan1
1 Bone and Joint Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linkou & University College of Medicine, Taiwan, R.O.C
2 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taiwan, R.O.C


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© Chen et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Bone and Joint Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linkou, 5th, Fu-Shin Street, Kweishan District, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, R.O.C; Tel: +886-3-3281200; ext. 3882; Fax: +886-3-32781134; E-mails: alvinchen@cgmh.org.tw, alvin_ortho@yahoo.com


Abstract

Background:

Patient’s final satisfaction with endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) is still unpredictable. The study aims to find the predictive factors for satisfaction in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) treated by ECTR using the Boston CTS questionnaire.

Methods:

We conducted a retrospective chart review of 37 patients (55 hands) who received ECTR and completed Boston carpal tunnel questionnaire at preoperative visit, 1 month and 6 months after operation while a telephone interview was conducted at 2 years after operation. Independent risk variables, including mean symptom severity scale, functional status scale, each item in questionnaire at all the time points, ASA physical status scale, age, gender, dominant site lesion, bilateral lesions, duration of symptoms and anesthesia method were recorded. Final outcome was determined by the patient’s satisfaction at the interval of 2 years. Predictors to outcome were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression analysis and tested with Pearson correlation test. A p value of less than 0.05 was considered significant.

Results:

The severity of hand or wrist numbness during the daytime (Q6, explained 6.5% variances), the severity of numbness or tingling at night (Q9, explained 16.2% variances), the functional status of writing (q1, explained 13.9% variances), carrying grocery bags (q7, explained 13.6% variances) had significant predictive value (p<0.001). Other factors were not significant in the analysis including ASA, gender, age, dominant site lesion, bilateral lesions, anesthesia method and duration of symptoms.

Conclusions:

Boston questionnaire is a simple and reliable tool with high predictive values to evaluate patient’s outcome and satisfaction in ECTR.

Keywords: Boston carpal tunnel questionnaire, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Endoscopic carpal tunnel release, Patient satisfaction, Predictor, Outcome.