Return-to-Work Following Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Proximal Humerus Fractures
Michael Dietrich*, 1, Mathias Wasmer 2, Andreas Platz 2, Christian Spross 3
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2014
First Page: 281
Last Page: 287
Publisher Id: TOORTHJ-8-281
Article History:Received Date: 16/2/2014
Revision Received Date: 15/7/2014
Acceptance Date: 19/7/2014
Electronic publication date: 15 /9/2014
Collection year: 2014
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/) which permits unrestrictive use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Shoulder disorders have an important impact on a patient’s capacity to work. We investigated whether there is a relationship between subjective or objective outcome measures and the ability and time for returning to work (RTW) after a proximal humerus fracture (PHF).
Retrospective single-centre study from March 2003 to June 2008.
City hospital, trauma level one centre.
All PHF stabilized with a PHILOS®.
Main Outcome Measurements :
Routine follow-up examinations (X-ray, Constant-Murley Score (CMS), Short-Form 36 (SF-36)) were performed prospectively after 1.5, 3, 6 and 12 months or until RTW. Primary interest was the comparison of the outcome scores with the time needed for RTW.
72 patients (52 years (22-64), 37 (51%) women) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. We distinguished “office-workers” (OW) (n = 49, 68%) from patients who worked at a physically demanding job (PW) (n = 23, 32%). Although time for RTW was fundamentally different (42 (OW) vs 118 days (PW), p<0.001), CMS (64.7 vs 64.1) and SF-36 (66.8 vs 69.9) at time of RTW were almost identical. At follow-up, CMS and SF-36 were always lower in the PW group.
Jobs which require higher physical demands were likely to influence and to delay RTW. This study identifies cut off values for CMS and SF-36 at which a patient feels capable or willing to RTW after PHF. These values show the importance and impact of a patient’s occupation or demands on RTW. We were able to show, that besides age, sex and fracture, the type of occupation might alter the scores in postoperative outcomes.