State of the Art Regarding the Management of Multiligamentous Injuries of the Knee

The Open Orthopaedics Journal 27 June 2014 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874325001408010215


Multiligamentous knee injuries are rare but serious injuries that can threaten limb viability. As such, they require careful management to give patients the best chance of immediate and ultimate functional recovery. However, as these injuries are rare, there is paucity in prospective comparative studies large enough to provide high level evidence for best practice. This lack of comprehensive and convincing evidence has made the management of multiligamentous knee injuries an area of active debate and controversy. The debate on whether surgical management leads to better outcomes than non-operative management, the optimal timing of surgery after injury and whether repair is better than reconstruction is still ongoing. Using the Oxford Levels of Evidence, this review summarises the latest high level evidence to provide answers to these issues. Recommendations for practice have also been offered and assigned a grade using a published scale.

Keywords: Best practice, knee injuries, ligaments, management, Oxford levels of evidence..
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