RESEARCH ARTICLE


Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection



Vincenzo Franceschini*, 1, Claudio Chillemi2
1 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Sapienza University of Rome, ICOT, via Faggiana 1668, 04100 Latina, Italy
2 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istituto Chirurgico Ortopedico Traumatologico (ICOT), via Faggiana 1668, 04100 Latina, Italy


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© Franceschini and Chillemi; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/) which permits unrestrictive use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Istituto Chirurgico Ortopedico Traumatologico (I.C.O.T.), via Faggiana 1668, Latina, Italy; Tel: +39 0773 6513211; Fax: +39 0773 418261; E-mail: vinci87@msn.com


Abstract

Shoulder arthroplasty is considered the most effective surgical procedure for endstage shoulder pain from different causes including osteoarthritis, cuff-tear arthropathy, trauma, and tumors. Although uncommon and less frequent than knee or hip periprosthetic infection, periprosthetic shoulder infection represents a devastating complication and, despite treatment, is associated with unsatisfactory results. The most commonly identified microorganisms in periprosthetic shoulder infections are Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative Staphylococci and Propionibacterium acnes. Diagnosis is not always easy and mainly derives from the integration of clinical symptoms, laboratory exams, radiological studies and microbiological swabs. Different options are available for treatment, including antibiotic therapy, lavage and debridement with retention of the prosthesis, one-stage reimplantation, two-stage reimplantation with antibiotic-impregnated cement spacer and resection arthroplasty. The aim of this review is to describe the current knowledge regarding risk factors, etiology, diagnosis and treatment of periprosthetic shoulder infection.

Keywords: : Periprosthetic infections, shoulder arthroplasty, shoulder replacement..