A Review of Handgrip Strength and its Role as a Herald of Health

Raquel A. Minasian1, Stuart H. Kuschner1, *, Charles S. Lane1
1 Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8635 West Third Street #. 990W, Los Angeles, CA90048, USA.

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© 2022 Minasian et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8635 West Third Street #. 990W, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA; Tel: 310-423-5900; E-mail:


Measurement of grip strength using a handheld dynamometer is frequently performed as part of an orthopedic upper extremity examination. We review the technique of grip strength measurement and evaluation of the possible submaximal effort. What constitutes normal grip strength in one part of the world is not necessarily normal elsewhere. Additionally, there is considerable evidence, most of which is outside the orthopedic literature, that diminished grip strength is a proxy for poor health and a predictor of increased mortality.

Keywords: Grip strength, Dynamometer, Sarcopenia, Disability, Morbidity, Mortality.