RESEARCH ARTICLE


Proximal Femoral Bone Regeneration After an Uncemented Hydroxyapatite-coated Long-stem in Revision Hip Surgery



José Cordero-Ampuero1, 2, Eduardo Garcia-Rey2, 3, Eduardo Garcia-Cimbrelo3, *
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, University Hospital La Princesa, Madrid, Spain
2 Medical School, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, University Hospital La Paz-IDIPaz, Madrid, Spain


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© 2018 Cordero-Ampuero et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, University Hospital La Paz-IDIPaz, Madrid, Spain; Tel: 34646661546; E-mail: gcimbrelo@yahoo.es


Abstract

Background:

Bone remodelling with lateral femoral cortex thinning is a major concern after extensively porous-coated long-stem in revision surgery. Extensive hydroxyapatite coated long-stems were introduced to improve osseointegration, but bone remodelling changes have not been quantified.

Objective:

The question of whether bone remodelling changes from extensive hydroxyapatite-coated long stems influence the durability of femoral revision, clinical outcome is assessed in follow-up radiographs.

Methods:

Uncemented straight monoblock hydroxyapatite-coated long-stems used in revision hip surgery for aseptic loosening were assessed in a consecutive series of 64 hips (60 patients). Mean follow-up was 8.6 years and the mean age at surgery was 70 years (27-91). The pre-operative bone defect was classified according to Paprosky. Cortical struts were not used in this series. Cortical index and femoral cortical width were measured at three different levels at different periods.

Results:

Four patients with pain under level 4 due to stem loosening needed an exchange surgery of their femoral component, but two patients rejected re-surgery. The cumulative probability of not having aseptic loosening was 91.2% (95% confidence interval 73.5-96.9) at 10 years according to Kaplan and Meier. Twenty-seven of 35 osteolytic lesions had disappeared or decreased at the last follow-up. The thickness of the lateral and medial cortex increased over the course of the study at different levels. Increases of femoral cortex thickness were greater in men and in cases with mild bone defects.

Conclusion:

Although clinical outcome of the hydroxyapatite-coated long stem in revision surgery is good but not outstanding, most osteolytic lesions heal and the femoral cortex thickness increases at different levels.

Keywords: Hydroxiapatite coated long-stem, Bone regeneration, Osteolytic lesions, Hydroxyapatite, Femoral.