Full Endoscopic Discectomy Using Transforaminal Endoscopic Spine System Technique: A Mini Review of Complications

Stylianos Kapetanakis1, Constantinos Chaniotakis1, Antonios G. Angoules2, *
1 Spine Department and Deformities, Interbalkan European Medical Center, Thessaloniki, Greece
2 Orthopaedic Department, Athens Medical Center, Athens, Greece



Full Endoscopic Discectomy (FED) is a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of Lumbar Disk Herniation (LDH) with increasing popularity among surgeons in the recent years. This alternative to conventional procedures surgical approach is generally a safe and efficient technique possessing many advantages such as less soft tissue trauma, preservation of dorsal musculature, and reduced perioperative morbidity and rapid recovery. However, FED is associated with a number of complications such as postoperative dysesthesia, nerve root injury, and dural tears.


Α search of PubMed, Google Scholar and Scopus electronic databases was used to revised the literature on complications of full endoscopic discectomy using transforaminal endoscopic spine system technique


In this review complications associated with FED are analyzed, emphasizing on the potential beneficial role of Transforaminal Endoscopic Spine System (TESSYS) technique in reducing their frequency.

Keywords: Complications, Full Endoscopic Discectomy, Lumbar Disc Herniation, Minimally Invasive Technique, Microdiscectomy, Nerve Root Injury, Spine Surgery, Transforaminal Endoscopic Spine System Technique.

Abstract Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 13
Publisher Item Identifier: EA-TOORTHJ-2018-85

Article History:

Received Date: 3/12/2018
Revision Received Date: 28/1/2019
Acceptance Date: 18/2/2019
Electronic publication date: 04/03/2019
Collection year: 2019

© 2019 Kapetanakis et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Correspondence: Address correspondence to this auther at the Orthopaedic Department, Athens Medical Center, 15125, Athens, Greece; Tel: +306977011617; E-mail: antoniosangoules@yahoo.com